Description of Plan:
- Is an evergreen Shrub growing to 4 m (13ft) by 2.5 m (8ft) at a slow rate. The flowers are hermaphrodite (have both male and female organs) and are pollinated by Bees. Tea plants will grow into a tree if left undisturbed, but cultivated plants are pruned to waist height for ease of plucking. The leaves are infused in hot water and used as the drink that is commonly known as tea. It is widely drunk in many areas of the world. Green tea is made from the steamed and dried leaves, whilst black tea is made from leaves that have been fermented and then dried. Freshly picked leaves are spread very thinly and evenly on trays and placed in the sun until the leaves become very flaccid, requiring 13 hours or more, depending on heat and humidity.
- Camellia sinensis
Habitat & Elevation:
- Camellia sinensisis mainly cultivated in tropical and subtropical climates, in areas with at least 127 cm. (50 inches) of rainfall a year. Many high quality teas are grown at high elevations, up to 1500 meters
(5,000 ft), as the plants grow more slowly and acquire more flavour.
- The tea plant is commonly used in Chinese herbalism, where it is:
Drunk for its ability to protect from certain heart diseases.
Used to protect the teeth from decay.
Used in the treatment of diarrhoea, dysentery, hepatitis and gastro-enteritis.
Externally, it has been used to wash or treat cuts, burns, bruises, insect bites and swellings.
The tea is used as a stimulant, giving a feeling of comfort and exhilaration.